STEM responds to the acronym of Science-Technology-Engineering-Mathematics, the subjects for a prosperous economy and for a safe and healthy society. A brief definition or way of looking at STEM education can be the following:
“STEM education is an interdisciplinary approach to learning that removes the traditional barriers of the four disciplines (Science-Technology-Engineering-Mathematics) and integrates them into the real world with rigorous and relevant experiences for students.” (Vásquez, Sneider, Comer , 2013)
From preschool through grade 12, the vast majority of institutions focus on teaching "S" science and "M" math, paying very little attention to "T" technology that reflects the products and systems they will need and less to the “E” engineering that reflects the design and innovation process of each system. Additionally, these subjects are being taught separately or isolated.
Today's students need to develop skills for an eminently technological society and be able to function competitively in the new labor market. As we have said before, traditional professions will suffer very important impacts and some may disappear. However, new knowledge horizons are visualized as they demand new teachers and students with skills and competencies for the 21st century. The way we have seen and understood school education cannot be the same and must urgently adapt to these new conditions.
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